Lyme disease is a multisystem illness with acute and chronic manifestations as a result of infection by the spirochete Borrelli burgdorferi. In the USA, the bacteria are transmitted to people and animals by the bite of an infected tick,Ixodes scapularis, (commonly called the blacklegged or deer tick), and Ixodes pacificus(western blacklegged tick) in the West. Although other types of ticks such as the Dermancentor variabilis (American dog) have been shown to carry the Lyme bacteria.
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Topics: Lyme disease
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Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is an idiopathic disease characterized by osteophyte formation in the spine. Patience with DISH has confluent ossifications spanning 3 or more intervertebral disc spaces. This occurs most commonly in the thoracic and thoracolumbar spine. The bridging osteophytes follow the course of the anterior longitudinal ligaments and the peripheral disc margins. DISH primarily affects men more than women and occurs in those 60 years of age and older.